What causes IUU fishing?

What are the causes of illegal fishing? Illegal fishing is an economic crime driven by a growing world demand for fish and other seafood, and the globalization of the market. … Illegal fishing historically has been a low-risk, high-return activity.

Why does IUU fishing happen?

Why does IUU fishing happen? The main driver is money – fishers pay no taxes or duties on their illegal catches. But IUU only happens because offenders can get away with it. It is most common in countries unable to set up or enforce effective fisheries controls.

Who is responsible for IUU fishing?

At the initiative of the United Nations FAO Committee on Fisheries; States developed the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. It is the first legally-binding global instrument aimed at combating IUU fishing.

What is IUU fishing?

IUU fishing includes: Fishing without a license or quota for certain species. Failing to report catches or making false reports. Keeping undersized fish or fish that are otherwise protected by regulations.

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Where does the most illegal fishing happen?

After West Africa, the Western Central Pacific Ocean is the region with the highest rate of IUU fishing worldwide. In the Western Pacific, IUU fishing accounts for 34 per cent of the total catch. A similar situation exists in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, especially in the West Bering Sea.

Is all IUU fishing a crime?

Is all IUU fishing a crime? No. While many IUU fishing activities are crimes—for example, fishing without a license or in a prohibited area—others are not (such as the unregulated high seas fishing discussed above). But other criminal conduct is often associated with unregulated activity.

How do you stop IUU fishing?

Close off avenues to IUU catch

Address the problem of irresponsible flag States by ensuring that countries ratify and implement the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, commonly called the Port State Measures Agreement.

What are the consequences of IUU fishing?

IUU fishing also harms legitimate fishing activities and livelihoods, jeopardizes food and economic security, benefits transnational crime, distorts markets, contributes to human trafficking, and undermines ongoing efforts to implement sustainable fisheries policies.

What is illegal fishing called?

Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is a broad term that captures a wide variety of fishing activity. IUU fishing is found in all types and dimensions of fisheries; it occurs both on the high seas and in areas within national jurisdiction.

What are the illegal fishing methods?

Various Methods of Illegal Fishing

  • Bottom Trawling. Bottom Trawling is one of the most damaging methods of fishing. …
  • Bycatch. …
  • Using of Explosives or Blast Fishing. …
  • Ghost Fishing. …
  • Cyanide Fishing. …
  • Muro-ami. …
  • Kayakas. …
  • Overfishing.
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What is ghost fishing gear?

What is ghost fishing gear? Ghost fishing gear includes any abandoned, lost, or otherwise discarded fishing gear, much of which often goes unseen.

What is illegal fishing in the Philippines?

(55) Illegal Fishing – means fishing activities conducted by Philippine fishing vessels operating in violation of Philippine laws, Regional Fisheries Management Organization resolutions, and laws of other coastal states.

What is done with bycatch?

Bycatch can negatively affect species such as dolphins, sea turtles, protected fish, and whales by harming animals, contributing to population declines, and impeding population recovery. Other impacts of fisheries on marine mammals may include removal of their preferred prey and sometimes habitat damage.

What percentage of fish are caught illegally?

Between 20% and 32% ($1.3–2.1 billion) of wild-caught seafood US imports are illegal. Opaque supply chains foster illegal seafood, especially Chinese reprocessing.

Is it illegal to fish in the sea?

Although sea fishing does not require a licence all sea fish have a minimum landing size (in order to protect stocks) and several species are protected by law, meaning anglers must return any which are caught. Anglers ignoring these rules can face prosecution if they are caught.

Is fishing in international waters illegal?

The fish catch in international waters outside the EEZ is regulated by the Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs) and their member countries. … The catch of highly migratory species, above all tuna, is also regulated by special RFMOs.

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